RFID in Europe Magazine Febuary 2016
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European RFID survey
RFID in Europe AISBL is a not-for-profit organization established in 2012. RFID in Europe's principle goal is to promote the adoption of Radio Frequency Identification and related technology solutions enabling small and medium sized organizations throughout Europe to gain competitive advantage through their best use. RFID in Europe connects with European end-users, operators, solution providers, universities, research establishments, non-government and government organizations and all other European stakeholders through own initiatives and promotion of national projects via our international network. RFID in Europe is an extension of a European Commission FP7 Thematic Network called RACE networkRFID initiated in 2009.
Chip-less data carriers are invariably passive (battery-less) devices generally formed from
low-cost inductive components, magnetic materials or electromagnetically reflective or absorptive materials, some of which are commonly encountered in EAS structures, but suitably engineered to support data encoding. They are generally ‘licence-plate’ low capacity type carriers.
Electronic Article Surveillance
Electronic article surveillance (EAS) may not be considered by many to be a form of radio frequency identification (RFID). However, it can be seen as a significant precursor in the realisation of chip-less RFID and an important complementary set of technologies, often radio-based, for supporting item-based management and protection of goods. Moreover, developments in recent years have directed attention at the benefits of combined EAS/RFID technology. EAS is a term to denote the use of electronically detectable tags to protect items against unauthorised removal from a store or other defined area in which suitable detectors are deployed. An electronic article surveillance system typically comprises tags that are attached to items for surveillance purposes and a means of detecting at a distance. The presence of an activated tag passing through a detection system results in an alarm. To prevent an alarm the tags have to be de-activated. Typically, systems include some means of deactivating or ablating tags to authorise removal of the item without detection. Multiple use tags require a means of deactivation and reactivation or simply rely upon the removal of the tag from the item by an authorised party. To prevent unauthorised removal by would - be adversaries a range of tags have been developed, by different manufacturers, that incorporate locking devices that require a special tool to remove them. Low cost disposable tags rely upon strong adhesives as the vehicle for combating removal. EAS is a multi-million dollar business combating the enormous problem of ‘shrinkage’ amounting to some $US 3.7 billion losses a year (12th Annual Retail Theft Survey) due to shoplifting and employee theft.